1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central.

He gave journals recommendations for peer reviewers for his manuscripts, providing them with names and e-mail addresses. But these addresses had been ones he created, therefore the requests to review went directly to him or his colleagues. The fallout from Moon’s confession: 28 content in various journals published by Informa were retracted, and one editor resigned. An editor at one of the journals released by Sage Publications became suspicious, sparking a comprehensive and lengthy investigation, in July 2014 which resulted in the retraction of 60 articles. By the end of 2014, BioMed Central and other publishers alerted the international Committee on Publication Ethics to new forms of systematic attempts to manipulate journals’ peer-review procedures.